Joe is a fervent supporter of his chosen political party. He is so passionate that on election day he kidnaps a group of people who he believes intend to vote for his candidate's opponent. In so doing he hopes that lacking their votes the opponent will lose. Once the poles close Joe releases his hostages, who after giving their statements to police join the opponent at his victory party. The next day several of the hostages file due process claims against Joe. What is the likely result of the claims?